Almost everyone nowadays is aware of the fact that one is at a risk of contracting an infection in virtually every earthly location. This is because pathogens, the microorganisms that cause disease, exist everywhere. Some viruses, which constitute the trickiest class of these disease-causing natural and/or mutated species to fight, have even been known to survive in the vacuum. With an Optimum Bundles internet plan, you can log onto many informative online resources that vividly attempt to illustrate pathogens in all their biological ‘glory’. In this respect, the acclaimed Science Daily platform is a good place to start.
Understanding Why Pathogens Cause Disease
But before you learn how to protect yourself from pathogens (and infectious diseases, in turn), it is important for you to understand the motivations behind why disease-causing organisms do what they do.
The most commonly given, and in my view fundamental, answer to this question concerns itself with the larger impetus behind why all cellular life chooses to reassert its presence – through continuous cycles of growth, reproduction, and environmental defense – on the evolutionary radar.
Like all human beings, animals, rodent and plant life, pathogens (which include bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and prions, among other variants) aim to survive. They wish to continue their biological legacy through evolved host-dependent reproductive mechanisms. In doing so, they might elicit a series of stimulated defensive responses from their host’s immune system. Such situations are outwardly manifested through a range of signs and diagnosable symptoms.
Analyzing the Onset of Infectious Diseases
Cell biologists, including the bulk of bacteriologists and virologists, are actively trying to discover the exact reasons behind why some pathogens end up causing harmful diseases; while others only assert their agency to satisfy their nutritional requirements from the host’s bodily ecosystem. As such, these scientists have proposed several theories that attempt to explain this seeming functional contradiction.
- Some have reasoned that a certain genetic class of microorganisms, for instance, the HIV and Herpes Simplex viruses, achieve greater (within) and cross-host proliferation through the patient’s manifestation of such signs as a compromised immune system and genital lesions. When the infected subject comes into contact with the tissue systems of a healthy individual (through air, skin, and/or bodily fluid transference), the pathogens are furthermore enabled to affect the larger demographic base in a society. This leads to the emergency situations of pandemics & epidemics that we read about in the news media. These scenarios, as such, are good when considered from the causative microorganism’s perspective.
- On a similar yet diverging footing, others have opined that the host’s already beleaguered immune system propels the genetic transformations that make overt disease signs a biologically more attractive option for pathogens.
Fevers & Rashes represent the Host’s Immune System in Action
When trying to track the bodily pathogeneses (cell reproduction and propagation) of all disease-causing organisms, it is important to understand that the manifestations of such signs as fevers, rashes, swellings, and pus-leakages etc. are initiated reflexively from the patient’s end. These debilitating occurrences represent some of the common ways through which the host’s immune system attempts to prevent the further spread of infection.
Treatment with such over-the-counter pharmaceutical NSAID agents as paracetamol (Tylenol) and ibuprofen, therefore, only constitutes a mechanism for lessening the apparent frequency of these discernible outbreaks. Antimicrobial medications, such as antibiotics and antiviral prescriptions, carry out the actual task of neutralizing the pathogen.
Healthy Habits and Infectious Disease Prevention
By inculcating a set of healthy habits into your personal skills-set, you can greatly mitigate the chances of contracting a number of contagious ailments. Some of these are common strategies that responsible parents & guardians teach their children at an early age. Others are more specific and may require consultation with a specialist tutorial to be learned accurately.
A few of these desirable disease-fighting ‘best practices’ are listed as follows:
1). Cleaning Hands & Teeth is the First Step
Despite being warned and encouraged to carry out this basic hygiene step after every bathroom visit and impurity contact, many people all around the world remain negligent about the importance of performing it properly. As the bulk of medical consensus on the subject attests, unclean hands and mouths constitute the very entry points for infectious diseases. Attempting to keep them sterile, therefore, makes way for a more robust microcellular defensive response for any person.
2). Avoiding Unnecessary Physical Contact is Key
Contrary to what you may have been taught about initiating salutatory physical contact with other people, handshakes, kisses, and shoulder embrace actually comprise some of the best methods of for attaining infection from others. Even touching frequently-handled surfaces like table tops, door handles and public water taps can result in individuals getting afflicted by a number of contagious ailments.
3). Wearing Masks in Congested-Air Settings
Wearing quality nasal masks in congested/polluted-air settings can greatly help in restricting the entry of several virulent pathogens through the respiratory route. When traveling to hospital quarantine settings like AIDS, Tuberculosis and infant nursery wards, it becomes even more important to do on these pieces of essential protective apparel.
4). Keeping Perspiration and Bleeding at Bay
An individual’s sweat and blood provide the ideal infestation & breeding mediums for most pathogens, so it makes a lot of sense to keep this vital health fluid protected at all times. Open wounds, in particular, provide the easiest access-routes for bacterial and virus entry. As a result, it becomes absolutely crucial to treat them with topical antimicrobial agents as soon as they appear on the skin. Diseases like tetanus and staph infection are commonly contracted in this way, and so it is very important to manage cuts and bruises through a variety of pharmaceutical agents with haste.
5). Eating Nutritious Natural (ideally Organic) Produce
Eating abundant organic fruits and vegetables on a daily basis is a good way to bolster the body’s immune system naturally. Fresh-from-the-farm produce, which should ideally feature no apparent bruises or tears, comes brimming with a full spectrum of vitamins and minerals. These health compounds play a pivotal role in helping the body to fight infections.
In many cases of nutritional scarcity, taking a quality multivitamin health supplement can provide the same (if not greater) round of benefits to their consumer.
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